- (1868-1923)journalist, poet, and playwright; first editor of the Volkischer Beobachter.* Born in the Bavarian town of Neumarkt, he abandoned medical studies to become a writer and critic for a small news-paper*; it proved a short-lived endeavor. Following several years as a drifter, which exhausted his inheritance, he settled into the life of a small-time Berlin* writer. During roughly 1904-1912 he wrote poems, short stories, and novels; some plays were later performed during the Third Reich. He was perhaps best known for his free translation of Ibsen's Peer Gynt, a work that bore, in Eckart's version, many autobiographical themes. From 1913 until his death he led a bohemian existence in Munich, writing the dramas Lorenzaccio (1918) and Heinrich der Hohenstaufe (1915)—in which, it is speculated, the so-called Füh-rer concept was first introduced.Between December 1918 and mid-1921 Eckart published a weekly polemic entitled Auf gut Deutsch; he used the paper to assail the "November Crime" (the signing of the Armistice* and the overthrow of the Hohenzollerns) and to herald his racist and anticlerical convictions. His virulent anti-Semitism* and antirepublicanism led him first to the Thule Society* and then to the German Workers' Party (precursor to the NSDAP). When Hitler* joined the Party, Eckart exerted a powerful intellectual influence on him. Assisting socially and finan-cially with the December 1920 acquisition of the Munchener Beobachter,he became the newspaper's first publisher and editor when it was renamed the Volkischer Beobachter in 1921; he held both positions until he was replaced by Alfred Rosenberg* in February 1923. While his role in the November 1923 Beerhall Putsch* was minimal, he was nevertheless arrested and died shortly thereafter in prison of a long-standing, probably alcohol-related, illness. His pamphlet Der Bolschewismus von Moses bis Lenin (Bolshevism from Moses to Lenin), evidently coauthored with Hitler, was published in 1924. Hitler dedi-cated the second volume of Mein Kampf* to Eckart.REFERENCES:Bracher, German Dictatorship; NDB, vol. 4; Waite, Psychopathic God.
A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. C. Paul Vincent.
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Eckart, Dietrich — (1868–1923) Adolf Hitler’s mentor, Eckart was the first editor in chief of the Nazi publication Volkischer Beobachter. He served as young Hitler’s mentor in racial anti Semitic politics, and Hitler belatedly paid tribute to Eckart when he… … Historical dictionary of the Holocaust
Dietrich Eckart — (23 March 1868 – 26 December 1923) was a German journalist and politician, together with Adolf Hitler one of the early key members of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) and a participant of the 1923 Beer Hall Putsch. Contents … Wikipedia
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